From the 1890s, Italian and Chinese fishermen camped on the island to trap lobster, it was the early 1900s that fishermen started to live there seasonally.
This is the true and amusing account of the adventures of Arthur Murdoch, a young man who spent the depression years digging for shell grit on Fingal Island near Port Stephens.
Military History of Tomaree Headland
Port Stephens was a vital part of the Australian coastal defence system during the Second World War and became the focus of the Joint Overseas Operational Training School (JOOTS).
In 1942, Port Stephens was chosen as the base for combined operations training because it offered good shelter from Japanese submarines and was sparsely populated with less than 200 people living in the area.
The Catalina flying boat was one of the most versatile aircraft of the Second World War, and was operated by virtually every Allied nation in anti-submarine, air-sea rescue, patrol and bombing roles.