Theme: Military History of Port Stephens
Military History of Tomaree Headland
Port Stephens was a vital part of the Australian coastal defence system during the Second World War and became the focus of the Joint Overseas Operational Training School (JOOTS).
In June 1942, Port Stephens was chosen as the base for combined operations training in Australia because it offered good shelter from Japanese submarines and was sparsely populated with less than 200 people living in the area.
The Catalina flying boat was one of the most versatile aircraft of the Second World War, and was operated by virtually every Allied nation in anti-submarine, air-sea rescue, patrol and minelaying/bombing roles. The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) used more than 150 Catalinas between 1941 and 1945.